Ohio Presidents

Memorial Day Road Trips

On the final Monday in May America takes the time to honor those who died in service to its armed forces. This tradition started in 1868 when former Civil War soldiers decided to decorate the graves of fallen veterans. While the custom is a long held tradition around the world, this time was different. So many soldiers had died in the recent Civil War, and so many families effected, that having a single day to do this helped to bring larger importance to the act. It wasn’t until 1971 with the enactment of the Uniform Monday Holiday Act that the day created a yearly 3 day weekend.

To honor the veterans who gave it all here are some road trip ideas that have a military background. Some can be completed in one day some might take two. A great site to learn more about Ohio historical places and come up with you own trips is http://touringohio.com

Northwest Ohio and the War of 1812:

Fallen Timbers Battlefield and Fort Miamis National Historic Site  – Fallen Timbers was the site of a major battle between American Indians and the newly formed United States of America. At the treaty of Paris in 1783 Britain gave the USA all of the land east of the Mississippi River. This include the Ohio Country. The American Indian tribes living in the area felt that they had no representation in the matter and that the land was still theirs. This led to the Battle of Fallen Timbers. At this battle American Soldiers fought the natives who were supplied by British from Fort Miamis. The defeat of the American Indians led to the Treaty of Greenville (see Garst Museum Below).

Fort Meigs – This fort with stood 2 attacks from the British and defended the Ohio country during the War of 1812. This is a full standing fort with a visitors center.

Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Library and Museum: The home and Museum of The former Civil War General and 19th President. For more information see our review.

Southwest and the Civil War

William Henry Harrison Tomb – The resting place of the 9th President and Ohio Indian Wars Veteran. He was the first president to die in office and is still the short serving person to have held the office. See our review here

National Underground Railroad Freedom Center – This museum is dedicated not only to the Underground Railroad and the struggle of American Slaves, but the struggle of all people for equality, even in modern times. The museum is a powerful testament to the struggles that lead to the Civil War.

William Howard Taft National Historic Site: The birthplace and boyhood home of the 27th President. Governor of the Philippines following the Spanish American war, Secretary of War, and Commander in Chief gives this site some great military background.  See our review here

Land of Grant Grant Birthplace and Grant Boyhood home and School House – The 18th President and commander of the Union armies during the civil war. Visit where he was born, grew up and learned. See our review here.

West

Fort Jefferson – The site where St. Clair retreated after his defeat.

Garst Museum – Dedicated to the history of Darke county this museum tells the story of the Treaty of Greenville and the role it played in shaping Ohio. A nice large museum with lots of artifacts from the area. See our review here.

Fort Recovery – The site of the two largest and most important American Indian battles, The Defeat of St. Clair and the Battle of Fort Recovery. St. Clair had 900 of his 1200 men killed, about 1/4 of the US army. It is also the site of the fort that was built after the battle. It was this fort that allowed the US to win the next battle and led to the signing of the Treaty of Greenville.

Northeast

Fort Steuben – Built to protect the surveyors of the northwest Territory. The Fort has a visitor center, full wood fort and large grounds surrounding it.

Fort Laurens – Site of the only Revolutionary War battle in the state.

McCook house – Home of the “Fighting McCooks.” Major Daniel McCook and his 9 sons and 6 nephews fought before and mostly during the Civil War.

The McKinley Presidential Library & Museum – The Tomb of William McKinley, the 25th President, and commander and chief during the Spanish-American War. Next to the tomb is the Library and Museum which house exhibits on the natural world, Stark County, and the life of the president. See our review here. 

Advertisements

Happy Centennial National Parks

Today marks the 100th birthday of our National Parks Service. The parks service started in 1916. The first park was established in Ohio in 1923.  From that day forward the parks have been one of the great attractions in the state. The parks have something for everyone.

A Brief Timeline of National Parks Service in Ohio

1923 –Hopewell Culture: Started as part of the Mound City Group National Monument. It is fitting that this was the first park because it is dedicated to the history of Ohio’s earliest inhabitants

1966 – Perry’s Victory & International Peace MemorialA monument to the Commander of the Battle of Lake Erie during the war of 1812. Also memorializes the war as the last conflict between the United States, Britain, and Canada.

1969 – William Howard Taft National Historic Site: The boyhood home, and later family home, of the 27th president of the United States.

1980 – David Berger National MonumentA monument to one of athletes killed at the 1972 Olympics in Munich.
North Country Scenic Trail: Established as one of the longest of the 11 scenic trails. In Ohio it connects to the Buckeye Trail and runs through Hocking Hills, one of Ohio’s most hiked areas.
James A Garfield National Historical Site: The Home of 20th President James A Garfield. Considered the first Presidential Library in America.

1992 – Dayton Aviation HeritageCelebrates the history of flight and the two Dayton Brothers who solved the problems of getting man in the air. Is spread out in 5 different locations through out Dayton.

1999 – Fallen Timbers Battlefield and Fort Miamis: The site of the battle of Fallen Timbers, the final battle in the Northwest Indian War, and the site of Fort Miamis, a British fort built to stop Gen. Wayne, which he eventually held.

2000 – Cuyahoga Valley: Originally created as a recreational area in 1974, Cuyahoga became a National park in 2000. This park celebrates the history of the people, canals, and nature of the northwestern Ohio valley.
First Ladies National Historical Site: Built in the home of Ida McKinley, this site is dedicated to the history of the wives of the Presidents of The United States.

2004 – National Heritage AreaIncorporated just after the Centennial of Flight this large area of western Ohio houses the National Museum of the United States Air Force, Armstrong Air and Space Museum, Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park, and Woodlawn Cemetery (with the graves of Paul Lawrence Dunbar and The Wright Brothers)

2013 – Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers: So new that it is not even finished opening yet. The Monument is dedicated to one of the most famous Buffalo Soldiers and first African-American national park Superintendent.

175 years Later: The Death of William Henry Harrison and the Crisis of Office

On April 4th 1841 William Henry Harrison became the first person to die while serving as President of the United States of America. This created problem for our nation.  Was  Vice-president John Taylor the new president? The constitution states “In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death, Resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said Office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President”

The question had arisen, “Did Tyler gain the office of president, or just the powers of it?” Harrison’s cabinet believed that it was just the powers. Tyler said that it was the full office. He took the oath of office to end the debate. It was his choice to be strong that set a precedent that has been used over the next 175 years.

175 years later: William Henry Harrison

William H Harrison Tomb

William H Harrison Tomb

On April 4th 1841, 175 years ago this day, William Henry Harrison became the first person to die while serving as President of the United States of America. This was a tragedy. Having only served 30 days in office, the shortest of any president, Harrison had little time to do much more than create a cabinet.

William Henry Harrison’s funeral took place in the east room of the Executive Mansionpresidential-funerals-william-henry-harrison (as the White House was called at the time). Being the first time a president had died in office, no procedure was in place for a ceremony. The president deserved a formal ceremony with the pomp and circumstance befitting of such a high office. The procedures would set a precedent that was to be followed for other presidents who were to die in office. The mansion was draped in black, The United States Marine Band played as the casket was placed on a large funeral car and driven to Congressional Cemetery to be placed in a public viewing vault.

In June of 1841 the time had come to move William Henry Harrison’s body  to North Bend, just west of Cincinnati, Ohio. His body was transported down the Ohio River on a procession of black draped barges. On July 7 he was formally interned in a simple tomb.

William Henry Harrison’s legacy stretched far beyond just his death. His presidency , however, did not. The precedents established would go on to help a nation morn after the lose of a president, either by the hand of man or the hand of nature. As Vice President John Taylor was to show, the nation had lost a person it had not lost the office.

Ohio’s Great 8: A large collection of presidential sites in Ohio

Ohio has given this mother of presigreat nation 8 of its 44 presidents. Because Ohio is “The Mother of Presidents” it has gained a large collection of presidential items and locations. From small knick knacks to house, planes, and even battlefields her is our list of places to see a bit of presidential history.

Presidential Memorabilia:
The National Museum of the United States Air Force – Planes from every president to fly
Golden Lamb – Historic Inn and restaurant that has been visited by every Ohio president and many more.
First Ladies National Historical Site – The home of First Lady Ida Saxton McKinley which celebrates the wives of all presidents
Ohio Statehouse – Houses artifacts from presidential visits
Ohio Historical Center – Houses many artifacts ( not many on display) from Ohio’s historical presidential campaigns
National Underground Railroad Freedom Center – Tells the story of slavery and the struggle to end it. Talks about Lincoln, and many other presidents, struggle with the dreaded institution of slavery.
Cleveland History Center – Talks about the history of northwest Ohio and the area that made James Garfield. Right next door to Garfield Tomb.

William Henry Harrison:
Fallen Timber Battlefield
Fort Miegs
Adena Mansion and Garden – Visited many times as a Governor and General.
Tecumseh! Outdoor Drama – A loud Outdoor Drama telling the life and troubles of the great Tecumseh and his interaction with Harrison.
Tomb of William Henry Harrison

Ulysses S. Grant
Land of Grant – Birthplace, Boyhood home, and Schoolhouse

Rutherford B Hayes
The Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center – Also house the Tomb of the late President

James A. Garfield
James Garfield Birthplace
James A. Garfield National Historic Site
James A Garfield Tomb

Benjamin Harrison
Benjamin Harrison Birthplace – A small plaque .3 miles from his grandfathers tomb denotes the site of his birth

William McKinley
The William McKinley Birthplace Museum 
William McKinley Presidential Library and Museum – Also house the Tomb of the late President

William Howard Taft
William Howard Taft National Historical Site

Warren G. Harding
Warren G. Harding Home
Warren G. Harding Tomb

 

Ohio’s Great 8: Warren G Harding

Warren G. Harding was the 8th person from Ohio to become President of the United States of America, the 29th overall. Born  November 2, 1865. The Civil War had just ended and the long stretch of Ohio presidents was beginning at the time. Harding was born in Blooming Grove, Ohio. His birthplace is now only marked with a sign.

Harding went to school at Ohio Central College and started the school newspaper while there. Newspapers were to play a big part in the rest of his life. While he was a senior his family moved to Marion, Ohio.  After school Harding saved up money to buy a failing newspaper, The Marion Star.

Warren G. Harding used to papers train pass to visit the 1884 Republican National Convention. While there he met many famous reporters of the time. His paper, however, was taken over by the sheriff while he was away. After he got his paper back harding decided to turn it into a nonpartisan paper. This pleased the advertisers of the democratic Marion County and the republican Marion, Ohio. Harding was starting to show that he had an eye for politics.

Harding soon married Florence Kling, the daughter of his rival. This marriage was a boon for the Marion Star as Florence took over the papers financial.  Mrs. Harding’s work behind the scenes would be one of the major factors leading Warren to the presidency. Some say even up until his death.

During the 1896 election Warren G. Harding made a name for himself while campaigning statewide for William McKinley. At the time the strategy for an Ohioan running for office was the Front Porch Campaign, where in the candidate would stay at home receiving visitors and send out others to do his campaigning. This was a perfect opportunity of up and coming young politicians to get a chance to meet the public. Harding used this opportunity as a stepping stone to State Senator, Lieutenant Governor, and finally in 1914, U.S. Senator.  A position held until the 1920 elections.

1920 was the biggest year of the 20th century for Ohio politics.During the presidential campaign Harding floundered in the early primaries. He finally gained the republican nominate on the tenth vote of the republican convention. his opponent in the general election was fellow western Ohio newspaperman, and sitting governor, James Cox. Cox’s running mate was Franklin D Roosevelt. With little to separate the candidates, the campaign came down to the issues. Harding took to the Ohio style Front Porch Campaign. The home and porch is now a museum. Cox used a more active style. On August 18th 1920, the 19th Amendment was ratified giving women the right to vote. This meant that the 1920 presidential election was the first national election that women would vote in.

Teapot Dome at the time of the scandal

March 4, 1921 Warren G. Harding was inaugurated as 29th President. While not a fan of the League of Nations, he formally ended World War I with the signing of Knox-Porter Resolution. Harding did many things during his presidency but he is most remembered for his scandals. The Teapot Dome Scandal was the worst of time. The scandal involved the lease of oilfields for low rates without competitive bidding. In the end Hardings first Secretary of the Interior Albert Falls was sent to prison for one year. Hardings Attorney General Harry M. Daugherty was thought to be in league with bootleggers. Harding also had trouble with Charles Forbes, the head of the Veterans Bureau. Forbes was found to have taken kickbacks and selling off property for personal gain.

Most of the scandals didn’t come to light during Hardings presidency however. During a trip to San Fransisco Warren G Harding began failing on July 27, 1923. On August 2, 1923 the president suffered a cerebral hemorrhage. His final resting place is  in his memorial in Marion Ohio. He wife rests next to him.

Harding -2015 ror

While he may have been forgotten as a president Harding’s influence on an era has not. Both Boardwalk Empire and Downton Abbey have used his presidency and it’s scandals as a major story line. If it had not been for Nixon he may still be known as having one of the biggest scandals and everything would be known as “dome” instead of “gate.”

PS. The 1920 campaign saw the first widespread use of telemarketing in a presidential campaign.

Ohio’s Great 8: William Howard Taft

William Howard Taft was the 7th person from Ohio to become president. He became the 27th President of the United States of America. The first Ohioan to become president after the Civil War to not have served. Born September 15, 1857 near Cincinnati. His birthplace is a National Park not far from the resting place of William Henry Harrison and the birthplace of Benjamin Harrison.

He spent a pretty uneventful youth in Cincinnati. He went to Woodward High School. He graduated 2nd in his class from Yale University.  Finally, he gained a law degree from Cincinnati Law School.

After the Spanish American War Taft was named the first civilian Governor of the Philippines. After serving 1 term he was named Secretary of War, a position once held by his father under President Grant. While Secretary America was given construction rights to the Panama Canal.

In the 1908 election William Howard Taft ran against William J. Bryan, who had previously lost twice to Ohioan William McKinley. Taft beat Bryan hands down in what was one of the most uneventful campaigns of any Ohioan.

During his Presidency many things were accomplished. Taft, a Republican, was a progressive and fought cooperations his whole presidency. Taft created the United States Chamber of Commerce.  In 1909 he implemented cooperate income tax and prepossessed what would become the 16th amendment, allowing the government to tax income.
Taft would run again in 1912, against not only the Democratic nominee Woodrow Wilson, but also former President Roosevelt. William Howard Taft was not a great campaigner and lost to both of his competitors. This lose was not the end of his political career. On  June 30th, 1921 Ohioan and President Warren G. Harding nominated Taft to Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court. Many important rulings were handed down under his tenure. Carroll v United States, which made searches of vehicles without a warrant legal,  still resonates today.

In the end his many health problems would catch up to him. He died of cardiovascular disease on March 8, 1930. He was buried in Arlington National Cemetery. He was the first president and the first Chief Justice to be buried in the cemetery.

Taft’s headstone

P.s. Taft was a huge fan of Baseball. He was the first president to throw out a ceremonial pitch. To commemorate this the Nationals have made him a mascot. Follow him on twitter @NatsBigChief27.

Did he get stuck in a bathtub? The myth is that he did, but the truth is that he probably did not. The rumor started after a comment in a book by the former White House usher.

Ohio’s Great 8: William McKinley

from Wikipedia

William McKinley was the 25th President of the United States of America and the 6th from Ohio. He was born on January 29, 1843 in Niles, Ohio. His birthplace is now part of a museum and research center. He spent his schoolboy days in Poland, Ohio and went to college at Allegheny College, in Pennsylvania. He only spent a year there before returning to Ohio and going to Mount Union College. McKinley left there early too.

After the attack on Fort Sumner many men in Ohio joined the army. McKinley was one of many that became privates in the Union army. Because of the sharp rise in enlistments, supplies were short. This caused problems between the enlisted men, including McKinley, and their officers. Rutherford B. Hayes , a major at the time, convinced the men to take what was given. Hayes’ style of leadership impressed McKinley and they formed a lifelong friendship. McKinley saw much action through out the war and served under many different commanders.  By the end of the conflict he had risen to the rank of Brevet Major. William McKinley was the last person that served in the Civil War to become president.

After the war McKinley returned to Ohio to study law. Eventually he partnered with George W. Belden in Canton, Ohio. His law practice made him rich enough to buy an entire block of buildings in Canton. When Rutherford B. Hayes ran for Governor of Ohio McKinley made speeches for him. This was the first time McKinley had entered in to politics, but would not be the last.

Ida McKinley

William McKinley soon met and wooed Ida Saxton and they married on January 25, 1871. on Christmas day of that year they had their first child, Katherine. Two years later they had their second child, Ida, but she died with in a few months of birth. Only two years after that Katherine too died. This lose of both daughters sent Ida into a deep depression that would effect the rest of her husbands political career.

Despite her own problems Ida encouraged William to go further into politics. In August, 1876, McKinley was nominated to the republican seat of the 17th Ohio district. At the same time fellow Ohioan, and friend, Rutherford B Hayes was running for office of President. McKinley was not only successful in winning his own seat but was a great help in Hayes win the most contentious presidential race in history.

As McKinley’s time in Congress came to an end his party asked him run for Governor of his home state. In 1891 he won the election becoming the 39th governor of Ohio. After 1 term in office McKinley decided to make his run for president. In 1896 he ran against William J. Bryan, soon to be known as the prosecutor in the Scopes Monkey Trial. As with most Ohioans who ran for president before him, McKinley used the front porch campaign style. His campaign would become the most famous use of this style.

William McKinley’s presidency is best known for  The Spanish-American War. Cuba had been fighting for independence from Spain for many years. McKinley thought that the conflict could be settled peacefully, but sent in the USS Maine to protect American

interests in the area. While in harbor the ship blew up. At the time many newspapers advocated war but McKinley wanted to wait for the outcome of the investigation into the indecent. In the end war was inevitable. The war soon expanded to the Pacific with the involvement of  Spanish controlled Philippines. Lasting only 3 months, the war would have a huge impact on the politics of both Cuba and the United States up until the present day.

The victory in Cuba and the popularity of his first term made for an easy run for reelection. This time, however, McKinley would need a new running mate, as his vice president had died the year before. He choose Teddy Roosevelt, a leader of the “Easy Riders” during the Spanish American War.

As popular as he was , McKinley’s second term was not to last long. On September 5th, while on a trip to the Pan-American Expo in Buffalo, he was shot by Leon Czolgosz. On September 14th, William McKinley died. He was the 5th president to die in office. His death lead to much grief through out the nation. The president was put to rest in the receiving vault of West Lawn Cemetery until his final resting place was completed. On September 30th, 1907 the William McKinley Memorial was dedicated in Canton, Ohio. One can still visit the impressive marble building and pay respects to one of Ohio’s Great Eight.

IMG_0575

Final resting place of William McKinley

P.s. The  Mountain was named after him during his first presidential campaign. A gold miner who supported his stance to keep the dollar tied to gold gave it the name. Later when the park was created around it the name stuck.

Ohio’s Great 8: Ulysses S. Grant

640px-Ulysses_Grant_1870-1880

Ulysses Grant

Ulysses S. Grant, born Hiram Ulysses Grant on April 27, 1822 in Point Pleasant, Ohio. Grant spent a good portion of his early life in southern around the Ohio River. Today his birthplace, boyhood home, and school house are all museums dedicated to his life. Together they make up the area know as the Land of Grant. At the age of 17 Grant entered West Point, where due to a clerical error he was given the nickname Ulysses S. Grant.  At West Point he earned his reputation as an expert Horseman, and few friends. One of the friends he made was his roommate Fredrick Dent, a friendship that would change his life. Grant was not fond of military life and planned on resigning 4 years after graduating. in 1844, while on a visit to his former roommates farm White Haven, U.S. Grant meet Julia Dent. It  is later that year that he proposed to her. They are unable to be together however, because of Grant’s commission in the Army.

Grant 1843

During his four year commission, tensions with Mexico rose to the level of war and Grant was finally given a chance to lead. It was during this war that he was assigned to future president Zachary Taylor. However because of Taylor’s rising popularity, his unit was split in half with a portion, including Grant, forming a new unit under Gen. Winfield Scott. While under the command of Scott, Grant, and future adversary Robert Lee,  participated in the march from Vera Cruz to Mexico City. Although his commission expired during the war, Grant decided to stay in the Army.  August 22, 1848, Ulysses and Julia finally marry. It is during this time of his life that he is given many different assignments and moves from the Midwest to the East Coast to the Pacific Northwest. Julia is unable to follow him and stays at her family home in Missouri. This farm, called White Haven, is now the Ulysses S Grant National Historic Site. 1854 Grant resigns his army to position to move back to White Haven to be with his family. April 12th, 1861, Confederate soldiers fire upon Fort Sumter. This act causes the start of the Civil War and the return of U.S. Grant to the United States Army. It is during this war that Grant makes a name for himself, eventually becoming the commander of all Union Armies. April 9th, 1865, almost 5 years to the day the war started, the Confederate army surrenders at Appomattox Court House (Now a National Park). Less than four years after winning the war Grant is nominated by the Republican Party to be the President of The United States of America. He is the 17th person and the second from Ohio to hold this position. During his presidency many of the things modern Americans take for granted are established. The 8 hour workday, the 15th amendment, establishment of the Department of Justice, Yellowstone is established as the first national park. After leaving office Ulysses S. Grant and his wife embark on a two year around the world tour. In the years that follow Grant and family take it easy. Only a few days after finishing his memoirs, The Personal Memoirs of Ulysses S. Grant, he dies. His body is temporarily buried in a tomb in Riverside Park in New York City. Over a decade later Grant’s Tomb is finished and he is buried with his wife. Grant is one of the few men from Ohio who served as president who has not returned to the state. Although the he has not returned to Ohio, the state has not forgotten its son who helped ended a war, free the oppressed, and made it to the most famous house in the land. Grant will always be remembered as one of Ohio’s Great 8.

All 200 Random Facts about Ohio

For your convenience all 200 of our facts about Ohio:

If you are using this for a report (as it seems most of you are) here is the MLA citation for you Bibliography
RandomOhioReviews. “All 200 Random Facts about Ohio.” Randomohios Random Review. RandomOhio Reviews, 22 November 2016. (insert todays date)
  1. Ohio is an Iroquois word meaning “great water.”
  2. Became a state in 1803
  3. 17th State in the Union
  4. Only State with a burgee as a flag
  5. According to the Ohio State Flag Code the flag is to be folded 17 times to represent Ohio as the 17th state
  6. State Reptile – Black Racer
  7. State Pledge: I salute the flag of the state of Ohio and pledge to the
    Buckeye State respect and loyalty
  8.  Rock and Roll hall of fame, Pro Football Hall of fame, and the original
    Inventors Hall of fame are all in the northeast part of the state
  9. The National Museum of the United States Air Force is in Dayton, Ohio
  10. The Wright Brothers invented the Airplane in Dayton, Ohio
  11. The Electric Starter Engine was invented In Dayton by Charles Kettering
  12. The pop top soda can was invented by Ermal Fraze in Dayton Ohio
  13. The folding step-ladder was invented by John H. Balsley (in Dayton)
  14. The Huffy Bike corp. started as The Davis Sewing Machine Company in  Dayton
  15. 8 presidents are from Ohio: William Henry Harrison, Grant, Hayes,
    Garfield,  Benjamin Harrison, Taft, McKinley, and Harding
  16. ½ of the presidents to die in Office were from Ohio:
    William Harrison – Died of pneumonia
    James Garfield – Assassinated
    William McKinley – Assassinated
    Warren G. Harding – Stroke
  17. Of the nine Presidents on Us Currency 2 are from Ohio: Grant ($50)
    and McKinley ($500)
  18. Of the 12 Presidents that were generals during their lifetime, 5 were from Ohio:
    William Harrison, U.S. Grant, Rutherford Hayes, James Garfield and Benjamin Harrison.
  19. Samuel Chase, a Ohioan,  is the one of the few people who is neither a founding father or former president to be on Us paper currency.
  20. James J. Ritty, of Dayton, invented the cash register in 1879 to stop
    his patrons from pilfering house profits.
  21. Cincinnati Reds were the first professional baseball team.
  22. Akron was the first city to use police cars.
  23. Cincinnati had the first professional city fire department.
  24. Ohio senator John Glenn became the oldest man to venture into outer space.
  25. On February 20, 1962 he was the first American to orbit the earth.
    In October of 1998  at age 77 he returned to the space program
    and traveled back into space.
  26. Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon.
    He was from Wapakoneta.
  27. The city planned a museum for the feat even before he landed.
  28. The popular television sit-com, “The Drew Cary Show” is set in Cleveland, along with “Hot in Cleveland”.
  29. East Liverpool was the beginning point of the United States Public Land Survey. The location was the area from which a rectangular-grid land survey system was established under the Ordinance of 1785. The survey provided for administration and subdivision of land in the Old Northwest Territory. The Ordinance stipulated that all public lands were to be divided into townships six miles square.
  30. Some well-known personalities were born in Ohio. Among them Steven Spielberg, Paul Newman, Annie Oakley, Arsenio Hall and Clark Gable.
  31. The first full-time automobile service station was opened in 1899 in Ohio.
  32. In 1852 Ohio was the first state to enact laws protecting working women.
  33. Jesse Owens grew up in Cleveland. He won four gold medals in the 1936 Olympics in Berlin.
  34. In Cleveland, Ohio the first traffic light was erected August 5th, 1914.
  35. William T. Sherman. Sherman was born in Lancaster, Ohio.
  36. The first concrete street in America was built in Bellefontaine,
    Ohio and is still in use.
  37. Clarence Crane in Cleveland invented Life Savers in 1912.
  38. The Miamisburg Mound is the largest conical burial mound in the state
    of Ohio and possibly in the eastern U.S.
  39. Procter and Gamble was created in 1837 in Cincinnati, Ohio.
  40. Akron is the world’s leading rubber-producing city.
    Firestone and Goodyear are located there.
  41. Eliot Ness, the special agent who brought down Chicago crime boss, Al Capone, was Public Safety Director in Cleveland before moving to Chicago.  He’s buried in Cleveland’s Lakeview Cemetery.
  42. Ohio native, W.F. Semple patented chewing gum in 1869.
  43. Half of the residents of the United States live within 500 miles of Columbus, Ohio.
  44. The Toledo Strip was won in the Toledo war. In exchange Michigan got the upper peninsula.
  45. The first gas mask was invented in Ohio
  46. The first ambulance service was established in Cincinnati in 1865.
  47. Cleveland became the world’s first city to be lighted electrically in 1879.
  48. Roy J. Plunkett of New Carlisle invented Teflon in 1938.
  49. The Marvel character Bruce Banner, who later becomes the Incredible Hulk, is from Dayton Ohio.
  50. Ohio has over 40,000 miles of waterways
  51. Largest County:  Ashtabula County(711 square miles)
  52. Smallest County:  Lake County (232 square miles)
  53. America’s first hot dog came from Ohio, in the early 1900s.
  54. Oberlin College, founded in 1833, was the first college in the United States to admit women.
  55. First trapshoot was in Cincinnati in 1831
  56. Clay target pigeon invented by  George Ligowsky of Cincinnati, Ohio
  57. First Soap box derby held in Dayton, Ohio
  58. World Championships still held in Akron
  59. East 105th Street and Euclid Avenue in Cleveland was the site of the first pedestrian button for the control of a traffic light
  60. Dresden is the home of the world’s largest basket. It is located at Basket Village USA
  61. The first Honda made in America was built in the Marysville Plant.
  62. John Mercer Langston is believed to have been the first African American elected to public office. He was elected clerk of Brownhelm in 1854
  63. The world’s first speeding ticket was issued in Dayton, Ohio in 1904
  64. Josephine Cochran invented the dishwasher, and turned her company into Kitchen-aid
  65. James Spangler, of Canton, invented the Electric Vacuum Cleaner and started the Hoover Vacuum Cleaning Company
  66. The modern parachute was tested and improved at Dayton’s McCook aeronautical research and development center. (later called Wright Patterson Air Force Base)
  67. Only 2 zoo’s outside of Florida have manatees, Columbus and Cincinnati.
  68. The term “Rock and Roll” was coined in Cleveland, Ohio by Al Freed
  69. The Ohio Statehouse was completed before the expansion of the Us capitol and does not contain the same dome style. It instead has a low conical roof.
  70. There are 88 bicentennial barns, One in every county.
  71. Manufacturing and Financial services are the major industries by GDP, but trade, utilities, and transportation employ more people.
  72. Ohio once had 8 working canals
  73. Only 8 presidents have lost in Ohio and gone on to the White House.
  74. Many major restaurant chains have started in Ohio including Max and Ermas, Wendy’s, BW3’s, Bob Evans, Arby’s, Perkins,  and Skyline.
  75. At 44,825 sq mi Ohio is the 34 largest state
  76. Ohio’s lowest point, 455 ft, is higher than any point in both Florida and Delaware.
  77. The ladybug is the state insect.
  78. State bird, the cardinal
  79. The state animal is the White Tail deer.
  80. The tomato is the state fruit
  81. Tomato juice is the state drink
  82. Union Terminal, home of the Cincinnati Museum Center, is the basis for the DC Comic’s Hall of Justice.
  83. Cedar Point is the second oldest continually running amusement park.
  84. Lowest record temperature: −39 °F (−39.444 °C), at Milligan on February 10, 1899.
  85. Highest: 113 °F (45 °C), near Gallipolis on July 21, 1934.
  86. Marietta, Ohio is the first settlement of the Northwest Territories.
  87. Both Pro Football (Canton) and Major League Baseball (Cincinnati) started in Ohio.
  88.  Dayton Triangles won what some consider the first NFL game.
  89. Thomas Selfridge was the first person to die in a plane crash. He was passenger aboard a Wright Model A built in Dayton Ohio.
  90. Signal Corps No. 1, a Wright Military Flyer modified from the fatal crash of A Wright  Model A, was the first heavy than air vehicle bought by the US military.
  91. First Plane crash survived by use of parachute was Lieutenant Harold R. Harris.  On October 20, 1922, flying a  Loening monoplane, he bailed out 2,000 feet over North Dayton.
  92. First Mormon Temple built in Kirkland, Ohio.
  93. Warren G. Harding was the first President to give a speech over the radio.
  94. William Howard Taft is the only president to serve on the Supreme Court.
  95. Samuel Ramsey of Jacobsburg purchased the first Hybrid Corn shipment.
  96. First matchbooks were produced by Diamond Match Company at the Barberton, Ohio factory in 1896
  97. Indianola Junior High School in Columbus, Ohio, opened on September 7, 1909. It was the first junior high school.
  98.  The Y Bridge in Zanesville was first built in 1814 to span the confluence of the Licking and Muskingum Rivers. “Ripley’s Believe It or Not” proclaimed it the only bridge in the world which you can cross and still be on the same side of the river.
  99. 1850: First company in the U.S. to publish greeting cards – Gibson Greeting Card Company.
  100. 1793: Cincinnati was the first Ohio city to publish a newspaper.
  101. Ohio has 88 counties
  102. Scripps of the National Spelling Bee fame is headquartered in Cincinnati.
  103. Only 2 presidents never gave a State of The Union address. W.H. Harrison and James Garfield. Both die before they needed to.
  104. OCLC from Dublin is in charge of the Dewey Decimal System
  105. Joint Systems Manufacturing Center in Lima built all of the Tanks for the United States Army.
  106. 1865 the steamboat Sultana exploded, killing over 1,700 including 791 Ohioans.
  107. Ted Turner of CNN fame was born in Cincinnati
  108. Ohio has 146 miles of border shared with Canada (or Canada has 235 km of shared border)
  109. Middle Island, the southernmost point in Canada, is 150 meters from the Ohio Border
  110. Grand Lake St Marys was built as a supply feed for the Miami and Erie Canal
  111. It was the high point of the canal, supplying water in both directions.
  112. Grand Lake St Marys is the largest inland lake entirely with in Ohio’s borders
  113. Grand Lake St Marys was the site of the first offshore oil wells.
  114. The 2016 Republican Convention is the 3rd time it has been held in the state of Ohio. The first one was in 1876, the second one in 1936.
  115. The only Democratic convention to be held in Ohio was in 1880.
  116. The only Democrat to be nominated for office from Ohio was James M. Cox. He lost to an Ohioan.
  117. Every Republican from Ohio nominated for president has won the office.
  118. Ohio has had four capitals since 1803. 1. Chillicothe: 1803 – 18092. Zanesville: 1809 – 18123. Chillicothe: 1812 – 18164. Columbus: 1816 – present
  119. The first State Fair was held in Cincinnati.
  120. The fair moved to its current location for the 1874 fair.
  121. the 1896 fair was the first state fair to be electrically lit.
  122. The first Butter cow was in 1903
  123. The Newark Earthworks are the states Prehistoric Monument
  124. State Wildflower: White Trillium
  125. The first Motion Picture projector was invented by Dayton, Ohio native Charles Francis Jenkins
  126. Israel Ludlow help to plan out both Cincinnati, Hamilton, and Dayton
  127. Cincinnati, Hamilton, and Dayton all have a Ludlow Street
  128. The first automobile insurance was purchased in Dayton.  In 1897, resident Gilbert J. Loomis purchased a liability insurance policy from the Travelers Insurance Company.
  129. The first doctor to use an automobile was Dr. Carlos C. Booth from Youngstown in 1897.
  130. On October 19, 1874, the first aerial wedding took place over Cincinnati.
  131. The Vermont, the car Horatio Nelson Jackson took the first drove across the nation in, was a Winton Motor Car.
  132. Daytonian Walter Richard Brookins, in 1910, made the first night flight.
  133. The same year he flew to 6,175 feet, making him the first to fly over 1 mile high.
  134. Goodyear built 104 blimps at WingFoot Lake in Akron for the military during WWII.
  135. 1953, Harold Moore, of Cincinnati, and Harry C. Jeffers, of Newark, made the first Alantic Crossing in a Helicopter.
  136. Elektro, the famous robot from the 1939 World’s Fair, was built by Westinghouse in Mansfield.
  137. He is currently on display at the Mansfield Memorial Museum.
  138. John Smith was Ohio’s first senator.
  139. Jeremiah Morrow was the states first Congressperson.
  140. Ohio only had one seat in The United States House of Representatives until 1813. After the it’s first national census in 1810 it gained five more seats for a total of 6.
  141. In 1935 Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in Akron.
  142. The site of the first meeting is now a part of Stan Hywet Hall and Gardens.
  143. William Henry Harrison was the first major party candidate from Ohio. He lost the 1836 election to Martin Van Buren. He defeated him in 1840.
  144. The American Society of Materials is housed under a giant Geodesic Dome in  Russell Township,Geauga County.
  145. Between the 1964 Browns’ NFL Championship and the historic 2016 Cavaliers’ NBA Title over 146 different sports seasons had passed with out a win.
  146. That was over 12,660 games with played between titles.
  147. Made a National Monument in 1923, Hopewell Culture National Historical Park is the oldest national park in the state.
  148. Designated on March 25, 2013, Charles Young Buffalo Solider National Monument is the newest.
  149. Miami University is 87 years older than the city in Florida.
  150. The city in Florida was conceived by Cleveland Native Julia Tuttle.
  151. The first car accident occurred in Ohio City, Ohio
  152. The first commercially successful winery was Nicholas Longworth’s in Cincinnati.
  153. The last wild passenger pigeon killed was in Sargents, Pike County, Ohio, in 1900.
  154. The last wild passenger pigeon is on display at The Ohio Historical Center.
  155. The last passenger pigeon died at the Cincinnati Zoo in 1914
  156. James Henry Salisbury, M.D the inventor of Salisbury steak is buried in Lakeview Cemetery in Cleveland.
  157. The baseball’s seventh inning stretch is said to come from either President Taft getting tired at a baseball game, or from the Cincinnati Reds around 1869
  158. The Warners (of Warner’s Bros Fame) started by exhibiting The Great Train Robbery at carnivals across Ohio.
  159. Both the Avengers and Captain America: Winter Soldier were filmed in Cleveland.
  160. Marvel has made over 2 billion dollars off of the movies it filmed in Cleveland.
  161. Ohio sent over 320,000 men to the Civil War.
  162. 35,475 Ohioans died during the Civil War.
  163. The only equestrian Civil War statue in Ohio honors  Gen. Philip Sheridan.
  164. The youngest person to serve in the Civil War from Ohio was Joseph Fissell from Circleville. He was 11. (John Clem was a few weeks older)
  165. Procter and Gamble (headquartered in Cincinnati) Supplied most of the soap to the Union Army.
  166. The fighting McCooks of Ohio were the largest family group to become officers in the US Army.
  167. Major General James McPherson from Sandusky Countywas the highest ranking officer killed during the Civil War.
  168. Murphy’s Law was named after Capt. Ed Murphy, a development engineer from Wright Field Aircraft Lab.
  169. The largest City in Ohio is Columbus with around 822,553. it is the 15th largest in the nation (in 2013).
  170. Columbus is also the largest city by area with 223.11 sq mi (about 26th largest nationwide)
  171. At 43 residents Miltonsburg is one of the smallest.
  172. Yahtzee was first marketed by National Association Service of Toledo, Ohio.
  173. The rock group Buffalo Springfield is named after Springfield Ohio. They got the name off the side of a Buffalo – Springfield steamroller.
  174. Cleveland was named after General Moses Cleaveland of the Connecticut Land Company.
  175. Columbus is the largest city named for Christopher Columbus.
  176. Centerburg is so named because it is the geographical center of Ohio.
  177. Rose Selfridge, wife of the famous Henry Selfridge, is the daughter of Benjamin Hale Buckingham of Putnam, Ohio.
  178. Hoover, and its parent company,  the largest floor care company in the world, are headquartered in Glenwillow.
  179. A slang term for vacuuming in Britain is “hoover”, named after the Ohio companies product.
  180. The state with the most Ohioans on its quarter is North Carolina? (Both Wright Brothers)
  181. Rana catesbeiana, or common bullfrog is the state frog
  182. The state gemstone is Ohio Flint.
  183. The Blaine Hill bridge in Belmont county is the oldest bridge in the state.
  184. Ohio state reformatory is the official state penal museum.
  185. Rascal Flats started in Columbus. February 21 is Rascal Flats day in honor of this.
  186. Dino Paul Crocetti (Dean Martin) is celebrated on June 7th, Dean Martian Day.
  187. Beautiful Ohio is the state song.
  188. NCR of Dayton used microencapsulation to create the first carbon-less copy paper.
  189. DP&L was made the first scratch and sniff to tell customers what a gas leak smells like.
  190. Haven and Hettrich of Cincinnati patented the first Yo Yo in America.
  191. Rockefeller Center in New York is named after Ohioan John Davison Rockefeller Jr
  192. Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York city was founded by Charles Kettering
  193. Con Edison which powers NYC was founded by an Ohioan (Thomas Edison)
  194. The cat was not named after the President. It was named after the comics creator’s grandfather, James A Garfield Davis. He was however named after the President from Ohio.
  195. The northeast portion of Ohio was once part of Connecticut.
  196. Ohio was once a neighbor to Virgina, after being part of it’s military district.
  197. Ohio is the only state name that ends with the same letter it starts with, and is not an A
  198. At 42%, Holmes County has the largest percentage of Amish population of any US county.
  199. The SkyCycle, was built in 1907. The pedal-powered blimp was built by Cromwell Dixon and flown at Driving Park.
  200. Elm Street, the one with all the Nightmares, is set in a fictional town of Springwood, Ohio